Basic First Aid
Tips on how to care for a fractured arm
- Adjust your arm to its natural position.
- Secure material for the splint. Sturdy cardboard or more likely, two sticks, will serve as splint material. They must be long enough to extend past the wrist and elbow joint. If not sticks can be found, any straight object will suffice.
- Use a clean shirt or other material to pad the arm. Using single layers, wrap it around the arm twice. This padding is more for comfort than stability. Make sure you have enough material left to wrap the splint.
- Place the sticks on both sides of the arm, equal distances from each other. With forearm fractures the sticks should extend beyond the wrist. With upper arm fractures, the sticks should extend beyond the elbow.
- Wrap the cloth around the sticks at least six inches above and six inches below the fracture. Tie the ends in a secure knot. Do not tie the splint too tightly. You should be able to slip two fingers under the wrapping.
- A sling is required to prevent the arm from moving and causing further damage. Fold a piece of cloth in half to find its center. Place the arm in the middle of the sling.
- Pull both sides of the sling up and around the neck and adjust the length until the forearm is in a flat, horizontal position. The elbow should be at a 90 degree angle. If this causes pain, lower the forearm until you find a comfortable position. Tie the sling around the neck.
Tips on how to care for bleeds
- If possible, raise the injured body part above the heart: Gravity will stop the blood from flowing so quickly and make it easier to stop.
- Put pressure on the wound: Blood will not clot until it stops flowing. The best thing to use is gauze as it helps blood stick together. But if none is available, use a thick cloth. If the blood soaks through, add another layer. Don’t remove a layer! Doing so will rip away clotting agents and you’ll have to start over. Keep the pressure on for at least 15 minutes, though sometimes it may take as long as an hour.
- Use pressure points: These are areas where blood vessels are close to the surface. If you press here, blood flow will be slowed. Be certain the point is somewhere between the wound and the heart, otherwise it will have no effect. Common pressure points: between the shoulder and elbow, behind the knee, groin area along the bikini line.
- NOTE that once you apply a dressing or bandaid you should not remove it because you may cause the wound to re-open.
Tips on how to care for burns
- There are diffrent kinds of burns. First degree, second degree and third degree.
- No matter the type, you should not apply ice or water to the burn.
- Try not to pop any blisters that may appear.
- A few at home treatments that could be used mainly for first degree burns are:
- Aloe Vera
- Baking SOda
- Silver Sulfadizine
What we have covered is only the tip of the iceburge of what can happen. below is a link to a more detailed list.